Odes to nature, horses and the open steppe are popular themes of traditional Mongolian music. 

Long songs, as the name suggest have lasted a long time and are loved by Mongolians. The original long time and written about 800 years ago and there are special songs for weddings, festivals and religious ceremonies. Traditional Mongolian instruments include string and wind instruments, drums and gongs. Mongolians have made their music instruments through the ages using metal, stone, bamboo, leather and wood.

The most popular instruments is the "Morin khuur" -Morin Khuur ( horse headed fiddle ):
It is a square fiddle with the long, straight handle curved at the tip and topped with the carving of a horse's head. It is said to represent ... Read more »

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Mongolia is one of the nomad countries in the world. Mongolian nomadic people move into place to place 2-4 times a year. 

Since the Hun Empire, Mongolians have been raising their five domestic animals. This includes sheep, horse, cow, camel, and goat in the broad region of forest, steppe and Gobi desert. Mongolia has 4 seasons and nomadic people move into place to place 2-4 times a year as well as it is depending on livestock's pasture. Mongolian nomad people always following their livestock. Because livestock knows where is the best pasture. Mongolian herders live in Mongolian traditional dwelling (covered felt) Ger.

Mongolian livestock
Mongolian five domestic animals are sheep, horse, cow, camel, and goat. Mongolia is the land of livesto ... Read more »

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Mongolian traditional games can be divided into 2 general types on the basis of their general form; games which are played using simple and readily-available materials such as stones sticks, or animal bones and games which are played using objects created by the artistic means; namely with painted or carved pieces. The games of the one category are characterized by a close figurative connection with nature and the herding lifestyle, often having a ritual of symbolic element to their playing & by a relative simplicity of their rules of play. The games of the latter category- which include cards, chess dominoes and interlocking puzzles -are symbolically associated with social and artistic activities and are usually more sophisticated requiring greater intellectual ski ... Read more »

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The traditional dress of the Mongols has a rich history spanning many centuries. It is closely connected with the Mongolian way of life and the country. The costumes of elderly people are, as a rule, modest and plain. The female dress shows differences between the attire of the girls and that of married women. The nomads' wardrobe is compact but has many variations able to serve different purposes. "It is amazing how this nation invented clothes that can fit all seasons and needs, well thought off and used in many different ways," wrote Medieval travelers from Europe.


One of the most colorful and original items of Mongolian national dress is th ... Read more »

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Ideally suited to Mongolia's harsh terrain and lifestyle, the ger is called yurt by many foreigners. But, Mongolians don't particularly like this Russian labeling of their national dwelling ...so call it a ger. A round felt tent covered in durable, waterproof, white canvas seems to be the most simple description of this portable home. White modern and expensive houses are being built in UB, many rural Mongolians have retained their traditional lifestyle, of which the ger is an integral part.

Ancient gers were not collapsible and had to be wheeled from one location to the next sometimes pulled by up to 22 yaks. But nomads need to move across the country in all four seasons. So gers that could be packed onto the back of their livestock were designed and ar ... Read more »

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The Mongolian nomadic way of life and the countries' climatic conditions has given rise to specific methods of preserving meat. The most widespread one is air - drying or bortsloh. Beef is cut into long strips that are hung in the shade.

The meat dries very quickly, becoming so hard that you can not cut it with the knife. Before using the dried meat it is powdered and put into boiling water. In a minute you have a nourishing broth.

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Airag is Mongolian traditional drink. Rural people making summer time in it. 1000-3000 times bit it in cow's skin bag. (leader bag) Mongolian people used to airag in Naadam festival, wedding, New year and others. Some people can drink 2-3 letre one sit. Airag has included 7-8% of alcohol. So you will drink a lot of airag maybe you hang over.

Airag is Mongolian respect and safely drink so you never to spit and drop it outside. During the Naadam and New year festival who win the wrestling competition, people present him with one big bowl airag. Also, horse racing competition whose horse wins people drop the airag horse's croup.

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Mongolian barbecue is a special cuisine offered on special occasions. It is popular cuisine from Genghis Khan ; a founder of Mongolia Empire. We put meat (sheep and goats), potatoes, carrots, turnips, onions, garlic, and some water into a large pot together with hot rocks. Make sure to tightly close the pot and allow it to stand for half an hour in open fire.

The heat of the stones cooks the meat and vegetables thoroughly. We believe that holding the hot stones helps to relieve tiredness and improve blood circulation.

Boodog (Mongolian Barbeque)
Commonly used in marmot and coat involves removing the bones( and bowels from the skinned carcass through the neck red hot stones are put inside the carcass closed and the neck opening. Then the carcass is ... Read more »

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Many instrument researchers believe that “ikel” the main instrument of the Western Mongolia is the origin of “Morin Khuur”. Later, the head of it was changed as a horse head and a wooden box covered by leather and arch playing it with its horse-tail made. The origin of “Morin Khuur” is still in use in the Western Mongolia. 
The shape of Morin Khuur box is rectangular and the head of it is made as a head of the horse. Which is the style of the Morin Khuur and the expression of the term of “Morin Khuur”.

The string is made of the tail of the horse. Morin Khuur has its own extraordinary features and the melodious sound. 
Morin Khuur is divided into 3 main pieces – neck, box and arc. In deta ... Read more »

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Annually Mongolians celebrate Tsagaan Sar or Mongolian Lunar New Year at the junction of winter and spring. The exact date depends on the lunar calendar. Usually, Mongolians celebrate it on a new moon day at the end of January or February for three days seeing off the winter end and welcoming a flourishing spring of the new year. It is a popular family holiday to visit parents, relatives, neighbors, and friends.

Tsagaan Sar Preperation

The holiday symbolizes a healthy and wealthy life. Therefore, people emphasize it, starting their preparations for Tsagaan Sar one month ahead. Families make several hundred to several thousand buuz (big dumplings) and bansh (small dumplings) to cook when their relatives, neighbors, and friends visit. The gers, anim ... Read more »

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