Mongolian nomadic animal husbandry differs from animal farming in that cattle is allowed to graze freely in the wild. Depending on the type of topography, animals can graze on approximately 600 different varieties of therapeutic plants.
These plants dry up in the fall and become considerably more nutrient-dense for animals to ingest, providing additional vitamins to grazing livestock all year long.
The major food source for water-soluble B vitamins like PP vitamin is meat. Meat from Mongolian cattle contains far lower levels of heavy metals than recommended limits, including lead, mercury, arsenic, cadmium, and others. Mongolian beef is therefore regarded as being the most organic available.
According on the animal the meat is from, Mongolians classify meat as hot, warm, or cold and use it accordingly throughout the four seasons. For instance, the meat from horses, marmots, deer, and fish is hot; mutton is warm; while the meat from beef, goats, camels, and pigs is chilly. These are classified based on how quickly the meat’s fat solidifies. You may have seen that goat flesh becomes chilly and that its fat freezes quite quickly.
When the animals are fattest, Mongolians prepare the seasonal meat supply. For instance:
Winter: Meat that is high in protein and fatty is preferred throughout the winter since one needs additional protein to stay warm. Horse meat is used by Mongolians during the harshest winter months since it has a high caloric content and is simple to digest. Other winter months are better for mutton.
Spring: Since it is illegal to butcher animals in the spring, Mongolians utilize pre-made meat products to get ready for summer, such borts-jerky, blood sausage, and many other varieties of conserved meat. Goat meat is utilized during the warmer months or dried up and stored for later use because it is regarded as cold meat in Mongolia.
Summer: During the summer, Mongolians prefer to consume dairy products rather than meat. dairy goods including milk, yogurt, airag, and other milk-based drinks. Along with this dairy diet, barley is occasionally used.
Because excessive consumption of superfluous protein and calories led to a variety of cardiovascular illnesses and obesity, Mongolians adhere to this diet during the whole summer.